Rules on thermal colanders shake real estate market

Many very energy -consuming housing owners could sell their property in the coming years. Enough to lower prices in the most concerned municipalities.

by Nathalie COULAUD

deadlines are approaching. The 1 er January 2023, the ban on renting the most energy -consuming housing, those consuming more than 450 kWh/m 2 /year, must come into force. Is then programmed, between 2025 and 2034, the gradual withdrawal of the rental market for housing labeled G, F and E by an energy performance diagnosis (DPE), that is to say all those consuming more than 250 kWh.

Already, since the end of August 2022, owners lessons of the housing labeled F or G (consumption greater than 330 kWh) can no longer increase rents. Faced with these new obligations, how will the landlord landlords react? Will they renovate? Sale ? The National Federation of Real Estate (FNAIM) estimates that 500,000 very energy -consuming homes “could leave the rental park” within six years.

To achieve this figure, she interviewed around five hundred rental managers about the behavior of their customers classified housing F or G. Result: “32 % tell us that they wish to renovate their property, 26 % sell it And 6 % opt for short -term rental, in the cities where this is possible (tourist furnished furniture not currently affected by the measures) “, details FNAIM. These 32 % (26 + 6) of rented housing which could thus, according to the FNAIM, to leave the market, are to be brought in to the 1.6 million housing F or G for rental in the private park ( Government estimate ). p>

Paris and Ile-de-France

What increase the difficulties in finding accommodation for rental candidates, but also lowering property prices, if the number of housing on sale increases in the coming years. However, the phenomenon will not have the same magnitude according to the territories: it all depends, locally, on the part of very energy -consuming housing.

The Ile-de-France region is particularly concerned: it has a total of around 2.3 million main residences labeled E, F and G, according to a study published in mid-October by the Paris Region Institute and INSEE, or 45 % of the Ile-de-France Park of main residences. The situation is particularly glaring in Paris, where two thirds of the private rental fleet (265,000 dwellings) are E, F or G. Main reason: most of the capital’s housing fleet was built before the first thermal regulations.

Hello Watt, energy economics advisor who examined data transmitted by the ecological transition agency, indicates that outside Paris (24 %), the cities of Saint-Denis (Seine -Saint-Denis) and Argenteuil (Val-d’Oise) are those which, in France, include the share of housing lathered F and G the highest (22 %).

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/Media reports.