Both for wind and for solar, the observatory observes that France is late on its displayed ambitions.
France should not achieve the objectives it had set for the deployment of electrical renewable energies over the period 2019-2023, according to the annual observ’er barometer. For terrestrial wind turbines, the official target of 24.1 gigawatt (GW) of installed capacities established for the end of 2023 will remain out of reach, the country barely reaching 20 GW at the end of September 2022, according to this barometer Posted Tuesday.
On this energy, “the current progression is not in line with the pace requested by the multi-year energy programming” over the period 2019-2023, insists the study carried out in partnership with the National Federation of Communities Concentants and management (FNCCR) and the Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME), responsible for ecological transition.
To fulfill its objectives, France should connect “nearly 4 GW of additional power in 2023”, a level which seems “out of reach of the French sector”, adds the barometer. The sector will never have reached 2 GW of additional annual power, notes the balance sheet, which evokes administrative obstacles, lack of land space, or even “acceptability” of new projects by the population.
On the photovoltaic side, despite an increased growth rate since 2021 and a “partially confirmed recovery in 2022 (…), the sector is still not in the right trajectory”, adds Observ’er, which is based, Among other things, on Enedis and EDF data. In September 2022, France thus had 15.8 GW of capacities installed in photovoltaic fields, while it must reach 20.1 GW at the end of 2023. At the current rate, the National Park should only count 19 GW at the End of the year, far from the desirable trajectory to achieve the target set for 2028 (between 35 GW and 44 GW).
“The electricity supply crisis, exacerbated by the conflict in eastern Europe, revealed a general awareness of the need for national energy independence”, insists Pascal Sokoloff, Director General of the FNCCR, for whom this new edition of the observatory demonstrates “nevertheless once again the gap between the ambitions displayed, the declarations and the reality on the ground”.
This observation is made at a time when the Parliament debates a law of acceleration of administrative procedures to facilitate the deployment of renewable energies, welcomed freshly by the players in the sector.