Astronomical calendar for January 2021

New 2021, jubilee, Gagarin year – April 12 marks the 60th anniversary of the first manned flight into space, it will begin with beautiful heavenly gifts – the largest Sun of the year and the New Year’s Starfall of Quadrantida. According to Moscow Planetarium , on January 2, the Earth will be at the closest distance from the Sun, which will allow us to observe the largest disk of the Sun in 2021.

On the night of January 2 to 3, the first New Year’s starfall will pour out – at the peak of the Quadrantid meteor shower, up to 110 meteors per hour are expected. On January 24, Mercury has good evening visibility in clear weather. The famous pair of giants will meet the Sun in January – Saturn on January 24 and Jupiter in conjunction with the Sun on January 29.


Eclipses in 2021:

2021 will give us 4 eclipses! Two solar (annular and full), and two lunar (full and partial). Two lunar eclipses (in May and November) and one solar eclipse (in June) can be observed from the territory of Russia:

  • May 26 – total eclipse of the Moon (max.phase 1.01 at 14:19 Moscow time). The shadow eclipse will last 3 hours 8 minutes, but the full phase will last only 19 minutes, during which the northern edge of the lunar disk will be located at the edge of the shadow, remaining significantly brighter than the rest of the Moon. Residents of the eastern regions of our country will be able to see the private and shadow phases of the eclipse. The lunar eclipse will occur in the daytime for most of Russia and will be visible in the evening only in the Far East. The short full phase can be seen only in the Khabarovsk and Primorsky regions, on the Kamchatka and Chukotka peninsulas and adjacent territories. A little further to the west, only decreasing partial phases of the eclipse can be seen. During the eclipse, the moon will be in the constellation Scorpio above its main star Antares and will pass through the northern part of the earth’s shadow.
  • Interestingly, a total eclipse will occur in the 2021 Supermoon. The full moon on May 26 will be the largest full moon of 2021, Supermoon!
  • June 10 – annular eclipse of the Sun (max. Phase 0.915 at 13:43 Moscow time) Observed in Northern Canada, Greenland and Russia. The annular and partial phases of the annular eclipse will be visible from the territory of Russia and the CIS.
  • November 19 – a partial eclipse of the Moon (max. Phase 0.97 at 12:04 Moscow time) with a depth of immersion in the southern part of the earth’s shadow at 0.97 lunar diameter. Visibility of various phases of an eclipse in South America, the Pacific Ocean, Indonesia, Australia, Asia and the Far East. Residents of North America, Chukotka and Kamchatka will be able to observe the complete eclipse. Residents of the eastern regions of our country will be able to see private and shadow phases of the eclipse.
  • December 4 – total eclipse of the Sun (full phase 1 minute 54 seconds at 10:34 Moscow time) The strip of the total eclipse phase will pass through the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, as well as Antarctica. this eclipse can be observed by a few explorers of the icy continent. Small partial phases of the eclipse will be observed in southern Africa and southern Australia. Even partial phases of the eclipse will not be observed in Russia.
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