In the near future, one of the most powerful supercomputers in the world will be the model Jupiter. Its uniqueness lies not so much in record performance as in the use of ARM processors instead of traditional x86. (source)
These exaflop-class supercomputers are capable of performing trillions of operations per second. Currently, there are no such systems in the top 500 list, with leaders reaching only petaflops (about a billion million operations). However, this situation will soon change thanks to the European joint enterprise for high-performance computing (EuroHPC).
Instead of the usual x86 architecture, Jupiter is based on the SipEarl Rhea processor, which utilizes ARM with 72 cores. This architecture is more energy-efficient and allows for a higher component density.
The assembly of Jupiter is expected to begin in early 2024 at a supercomputer center in the German city of Julikh. This will be an important milestone in the development of high-performance computing in Europe, as previous systems were primarily developed in the USA and Asia.
Jupiter will bring ample opportunities in areas such as climate modeling, materials development, and big data analysis.
This technology will also compete with Intel and AMD, whose processors have traditionally been used in most supercomputers. ARM chips, gaining popularity, are not inferior to others in terms of performance.
One of the main partners of this project is NVIDIA, which will supply the latest GPUs and high-speed network solutions from Mellanox. The specific graphic chips to be used are not yet clear, but they are important for AI calculations.
According to rumors, flagship processors on the architecture of Hopper will be utilized, as they are optimized for neural network work.
Jupiter is only the first in a series of similar projects. In the coming years, other powerful systems based on European developments are also expected. These systems aim to accelerate progress in fields such as artificial intelligence, quantum calculations, and bioinformatics, providing the continent with leadership in the high-tech sector.