College: small sports training for great health benefits

Ten thousand steps and more. Alerts are multiplying, in France as elsewhere. Two thirds of young people from 11 years old to 17 years old face a serious health risk, due to the conjunction of physical inactivity and the level of sedentary lifestyle, in particular the time of exposure to screens, alerted the National Health Safety Agency (ANSES) in an evaluation at the end of 2020. between 1972 and 2011, the capacity Adolescent cardio-respiratory physics would have decreased by 0.5 % per year on average, according to studies carried out in different countries.

Concerned about this situation, the collective for a France in shape, a group of Doctors and experts created in 2019, Partner of the organizing committee of the 2024 Olympic and Paralympic Games, decided to carry out a study with thousands of college students. The goal: to assess their physical capacity and the effectiveness of an adapted program.

presented Monday, February 6 at a press conference – in the presence of Amélie Oudéa -Castera, Minister of Sports and Olympic and Paralympic Games, and Pap Ndiaye, Minister of National Education and Youth – At the Paul-bert-sur-Marne (Val-de-Marne) school, the study, called “reverse the curves”, was carried out from September to early November 2022 with 9,218 middle school students from 6 E aged 10 to 12 years old, in three regions: Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Hauts-de-France and Brittany.

Decrease in cardio-respiratory capacity

To assess the cardio-respiratory capacity, the shuttle test was used, specifies Professor François Carré, sport cardiologist at the Rennes University Hospital, who coordinated this study, financed by the Matmut Foundation, the French Cardiology Federation and the Ministry of Sports. The principle is to make children run between studs placed every 20 meters by joining the following stud at each beep. The college student must respect the racing pace, which accelerates 0.5 kilometer per hour (km/h) approximately every minute. He stops when he is no longer able to follow the pace imposed by the famous BIP. The objective is to determine the distance traveled in six minutes, the maximum aerobic speed.

First observation: tested children run slower – at 10.2 km/h (9.9 km/h for girls and 10.4 for boys) – than population of the same age there is more thirty years old. A study conducted in Bordeaux in 1987 by researcher Georges Cazorla with 388 girls and 342 boys had then estimated at 11 km/h their speed (10.5 km/h for girls and 11.4 km/h in boys) . Then, 6,321 children were divided into two groups. For six weeks, one followed just the two weekly hours of standard EPS courses; While the other benefited during these sessions from an individual and fractional training of fifteen minutes, depending on the result of the initial test.

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/Media reports cited above.